The witch trials featured significant subversions of the dominant social structure by elevating to a position of power individuals whose reputation and status were otherwise lowly. Now in jail, John is scheduled to be hanged unless he confesses to being a witch. This can apply to any situation, even when people are not physically assembled in the same place. Both Reverend Hale and Reverend Parris are distressed, but Elizabeth tells them that she understands, since she knows her husband has finally redeemed himself for his affair. He grew up in New York with a Jewish family. Throughout the play he also hit on a major idea during the time which was known as McCarthyism, where Arthur miller himself was accused… 998 Words 4 Pages motivated by jealousy and spite.
While Proctor does not want to continue the life of sin and leaves it behind as the forgotten tale, she exacts revenge from Salem and despises Elizabeth Proctor. The Nurses are the most straightforward of these; Miller portrays Rebecca Nurse and her husband as near saints who rely on practical wisdom and experience. On the surface, this historical drama has a few universal and enduring themes. When they were discovered of what they were doing, the girls started accusing certain individuals in the village of dealing with witchcraft. Abigail exploits the town's fear of the Devil to get revenge against John. On page 74, Cheever came into the Proctor home and took the poppet Mary Warren had just given to Elizabeth. The farmer, John Proctor, would be the… 1269 Words 6 Pages At first glance, the playwright Arthur Miller in The Crucible highlights the historical significance of the Salem Witch Trials of 1692, but in fact it is an allegorical expression of his perception of McCarthyism.
Proctor knows the girls are lying. She is concerned for Betty's welfare, but Parris makes her leave. John Proctor in 'The Crucible'. Succinctly, the play is about the Salem witch trials that took place in Massachusetts in 1692. Abigail, an unmarried, female orphan, suddenly became the most important person in town, bringing with her a dozen other such girls who otherwise could only hope to work as housekeepers until they married. A dichotomy is a contrast between two things that are considered polar opposites of each other.
There are many scenes in the play that suggests the theme that fear and suspicion are infectious and can produce a mass hysteria that destroys public order and rationality. Like Reverend Parris, Thomas Putnam is also greedy. Enemies accused each other to get back at one another for what had previously happened in their lives. He is the only one who sees Abigail for what she is: a liar. How may I live without my name? Abigail manipulates Mary into helping cast suspicion on Elizabeth, who is then arrested. Soon, the educated elite of the colony began efforts to end the witch-hunting hysteria that had enveloped Salem.
The play is a loose metaphor for McCarthyism, and one of its main themes is the importance of reputations. It is based upon the Salem witch trails. Hale asks if the Devil comes to her with anybody else. Abigail manipulates Mary into accusing John of witchcraft. She thinks by doing this she can lift the burden of blame off her shoulders. Most of us have experienced it in milder forms. The early victims of the witch hunt are not seen as martyrs because even after death, they are considered undesired members of society.
Various characters base their actions on the desire to protect their respective reputations. The shift of blame from one character to another will be a recurring plot point, as few characters will accept the consequences of their actions or directly confront the charges leveled against them. Guilt motivates not only the witch hunts themselves, but also the behavior of several principal characters. In Act I, Reverend Parris does not want anyone to think that there is witchcraft on the girls because then people would accuse him for letting witchcraft in the town. The rapid growth of hysteria in Salem destroys the impact of rational thinking. The Witch trials labeled all social outcasts by being in accompaniment with the Devil and the town felt the need to eliminate of their kind. He thinks Abigail is untrustworthy.
Elizabeth is also portrayed as a good character, but toward the end, the acceptance of an affair reveals the truth about her nature. Guilt has been bottled up at home in this community, and the airing of sins and grievances is a relief to those previously without an outlet for confession. Let either of you breathe a word, or the edge of a word, about the other things, and I will come to you in the black of some terrible night and I will bring a pointy reckoning that will shudder you. He is ashamed of the infidelity committed in the past and wants to bury it deep in the heart as if it never existed. An example of this is shown in the text on page 1223 in the text.
Those entrusted to keep order think make it worse. The committee often had lists of names of people who had attended meetings yet they still forced witnesses to recite names, to see if they would comply and give the right names. At the end of the play, John Proctor is hanged because he refuses to besmirch his name by confessing to witchcraft. In Puritan society, individualism does not really exist. Lastly, spiritual courage means to be courageous in the sense that one shows courage in spirit, meaning courage shown indirectly, unlike emotional or physical courage. Hale, Elizabeth Proctor, and John Proctor,. Like a struck beast, he says, and screamed a scream that a bull would weep to hear.
Though John Proctor experiences a downfall, he redeems himself completely through his death. Hundreds of other persons faced accusations of witchcraft and dozens more languished in jail without trials. These groups have suffered tremendously; especially because most of them were innocent. In this play, these women were prosecuted for practicing witchcraft, the use of supernatural powers. One is a metal container in which metals are mixed and melted. The third character who serves as a proponent of the witchcraft hysteria is Thomas Putnam.