Respect for diversity not only embodies the democratic spirit, it is the real guarantee of unity. Outbursts of communal frenzy are totally incompatible with true secularism, and every well-educated community should have no narrow considerations of religion and caste in worldly matters. Positively, this right safeguards the right to religious freedom and negatively it prohibits the State from compelling by law any person to practice any particular creed or religion. Every citizen of India has the full freedom to profess his or her own faith, interfered by the Govt. God made all man equal, it is man who divided himself. One can follow and preach any religion as long as it does not interfere in the religious freedom and rights of other people.
No doubt we are moving from religiosity to secular way of life. There is now ample evidence to show that at times the administrative machinery of the State does not operate impartially at the time of communal riots; those responsible for ensuring law and order act in a non-secular way and tend to victimise members of minority groups. The British rulers also allowed religious freedom. So religion makes a a man blind and it will never encourage opposition. Obviously secularism is an instrument of social change and political transformation. Another charge put forth by Luthera and also endorsed by Smith is that the Indian State, inspite of constitutional guarantee for liberty of the individual and the liberty of corporate religious bodies, intervenes in religious matters.
Secularism in simple words can be described as an ideology which provides people with the right to follow any religion or not follow any. The oppressed sections join the secular movement to wrest the accompanying liberal space that can be the base for launching the struggles for their rights. They partake of the sheer joy that comes out of fellow-feeling and innocent camaraderie. For example- Papal States of Europe in Medieval period, Taliban controlled states in recent times. India enjoys a fair measure of communal harmony, illustrating the principle of unity in diversity. They call the whole concept as borrowed, alien, atheist and godless. This is the norm in democratic countries.
Thus, it was from the time of Bentik that State intervened to bring about social reform at the instance of public opinion of the new middle classes. Unlike secularism, which arose in an inter-sectarian context, pluralism arose in an inter-religious context. After several decades of independence still political parties continue to use the agenda of religious diversity and caste basis to gain power at the time of elections. India is facing challenges to keep secularism alive in the form of Communalism communal violence , politicization of caste and religion, the rise of fundamentalism and obscurantism, etc. Since everyone in such a system enjoys equal right, there is no cause for strife and people could happily coexist.
The same religious tolerance expressed by Ashok more than 2300years ago has been one of the Indian social values. The sole aim of this is to ensure equal treatment of all religions irrespective of whether the religion is minority or majority. Till the attitude of the people is changed, and till they rise above the petty considerations it is not possible to keep religion and politics apart. Not only that, in the past wars with Pakistan, Indian Muslims in the army and the Air Force and also the, Christians achieved spectacular successes, and made sacrifices for the country. Muslims in India form the largest religious minority. Secularism introduces science, technology and rationalism in the society and forms the basis of a modern secular state.
The Dalai Lama Defends Secularism as a Way to Respect All Religion 2. The Muslims are accused of extra-territorial loyalty because they allegedly cheer for Pakistan whenever India and Pakistan play cricket. Like this, if a particular religion forbids the entry of some of its members in the sanctum of its temple, then the states has no option but to let the matter rest exactly where it is. It is obvious that the Government and people of India are secular, that is, there is no official religion. Jawaharlal Nehru or Atal Bihari Vajpayee. They poison the mind of the people for their selfish ends.
The religious civilization acknowledges secularism as any movement in society directed away from the otherworldliness to life on earth. As, we have already discussed how Indian secularism differs from western concept. It is a positive concept and a dynamic ideal. Related Information: Shailja is one of those who is lucky to have turned her passion into her profession. They denigrate the secular policies, which are a hindrance to Hindu Right's unobstructed march to subjugate the oppressed in general and minorities in particular. But this, or any other, explanation does not condone the lapses of the State in this regard. By and large, they have been living together and sharing each other s joys, and sorrows.
Therefore, secularism needs to be redefined to suit Indian psyche. Religion, among other factors, cannot be a ground for ineligibility or disqualification. Removal of unemployment, backwardness, more economical development of various communities only can ensure real and lasting secularism. It was also the evidence of a new out-look an earthly view which aimed at nurturing the new basis of social life. Despite abandonment of communal electorates and a ban on the use of religion for soliciting votes, the various political parties and groups have frequently made use of communal factors to get into power.
In the battle of ballots, each political party vies to prove that it is more secular than the other, However, compulsion of party politics bring out small differences, which are blown out of proportion, to appease vote banks. In spite of the several divisive forces at work, India has been successful in maintaining its secular character. King Harshavardhana was another such ruler whose benevolence transcended narrow religious differences and purist mindsets. There is complete religious freedom. Religion has its own share of some deep-rooted problems. It is true that the earliest force of civilisation was religion.