Critical contextual issues include the timing of disclosure, the condition of the patient, and the contract for the therapy. Building a successful relationship involves a mutual give-and-take between partners. Really the sole criteria you should use when contemplating whether or not to self-disclose is if you think doing so will help your client. Research shows that clients consistently rate therapists' disclosures as useful-when they're done skillfully. Whether you are at the early stages of a friendship, a working partnership, or a romantic affair, you will probably be more reticent about sharing your feelings, hopes, thoughts, dreams, fears, and memories. Innovations in Clinical Practice: A Source Book. Clients are supposed to have a choice.
Visualizing about having to document a particular disclosure may aid in guiding the therapist on its appropriateness. Why do we feel a need to reciprocate in such situations? Disclosing such a history is relevant to the parents' evaluation of the psychotherapist's fitness and qualifications. In these cases, if we are not careful, it can be easy to slip into a conversational style of dialogue where we disclose personal information that is of little benefit to the client. Misuses and misunderstandings of boundary theory in clinical and regulatory settings. However, that does not mean that the therapist does not talk about himself.
So basically, your therapeutic orientation is a powerful factor in determining whether revealing personal information to your clients is ok. This study suggests that therapist self-disclosure—if perceived as helpful—might have a potentially beneficial indirect effect on eating problems, through the impact on therapeutic alliance, patient self-disclosure, and shame. What does the research say about this kind of disclosure? In truth, therapist self-disclosure refers to a wide range of psychotherapist behaviors, which may be verbal or nonverbal in nature Gibson, 2012. Even so, most perceived therapist self-disclosure as generally helpful as long as it did not violate those boundaries. Richard Schwartz, about his stance on the role of therapist self-disclosure.
Thus, despite our best intentions, self-disclosure can backfire. Another woman exposed patterns of violence in her extended family. As I talked, Bill nodded. Robbie, a slight man in his fifties with receding hair and a warm, round face, makes a beeline for me before the workshop starts. Everything a therapist does or does not say is a disclosure, but not necessarily an inappropriate one.
On the one hand, this disclosure helped the client let go of some of her feelings and share more with her husband. What are the client variables worthy of consideration? Other clinicians go with the rationale that the session is supposed to be centered around the client, and self-disclosure makes it about the therapist. Given that each client is different, as is each counsellor and therapist — a rigid view is often unhelpful when it comes to the practice of self-disclosure. Self-disclosures should be well thought-out in context of each unique therapist-patient relationship. An example would be when she suddenly disappeared around the first of the year once.
I saw her for a number of years. Non—self-disclosure Nondisclosure, or refusal to disclose when asked, is also a disclosure, eg, of a posture toward the patient, of a distant or ungiving persona, of a theoretical orientation, or of withholding. Or are you someone who holds back such information and shares only the deeply private things about yourself with a select few? The husband, Bill, made an allusion early in the session to thoughts about other women. Things were tense between him and his wife, Anita. That power transfers to the client who may be validated for the first time that their feelings matter and that their experiences and what remains are justified.
Whether it be a type of religious or spiritual element that the therapist incorporates into their work or values that impact their perspectives about change, healing, health, personal development and other factors that impact therapy. The present paper has provided some considerations for psychotherapists assessing the potential harm or good that may come out of a given piece of self-disclosure. I was in therapy before for about two years and my therapist told me nothing other than her name. That being said, modern psychodynamic therapists are still among the most judicious about the use of self-disclosure, as they believe that it can compromise the transferential field of therapy. Psychopathology Committee of the Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry. The question of what constitutes and useful self-disclosure is one that comes up regularly during my training as a psychologist.
So how do people determine what to disclose about themselves and when? San Francisco Jung Institute Library J. In contradistinction to the ethical principles above, we may identify a number of potentially unethical motivations for self-disclosure. It also hints that patients may be ambivalent about having a personal question answered. For all other clients, self-disclosure can be an extremely useful tool — once which when used wisely, can create opportunities for growth within the therapeutic relationship. Having said that, sometimes revealing personal information can be not only helpful but almost necessary to and trust. It is important to watch your motives.
In 30 years of training other therapists, I've found that my capacity to reveal relevant personal information in an appropriate, controlled way can have a powerful impact on how much trainees are willing to engage, stretch their learning, and take risks. Researchers have found that people who are in a good mood are more likely to self-disclose than those in a bad mood. This sharing of personal details about your life—your feelings, thoughts, , and other such things—is referred to as self-disclosure. If you are a therapist and considering self-disclosure, consider asking yourself: for what purpose am I self-disclosing? Grohol sits on the editorial board of the journal Computers in Human Behavior and is a founding board member and treasurer of the Society for Participatory Medicine. Ethical issues in using self-disclosure in feminist therapy. Or whether to disclose any information at all? An example of such a disclosure would be a therapist telling his client that when she is regularly late to sessions, he is left wondering if she values her time in therapy. Hence, a basic understanding of the fundamentally different theoretical stances on self-disclosure illuminates why an instance of self-disclosure that is considered therapeutic by one clinician may be thought of as harmful by another.