The act extends to the whole of India except the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Salient Features of the Act: The Forest Conservation Act was enacted with a view to check further deforestation, which ultimately results in ecological imbalances, accordingly the provisions made therewith must apply to all forest irrespective of the nature of ownership for classification thereof. C Scope of existing non-forest purposes has been extended to other areas of cultivation of tea, coffee, spices, rubber palms, medicinal plants etc. Non — compliance of provisions of section 2 of the act shall be punishable with simple imprisonment for a period which may extend upto 15 days. Any government department or any authority deemed to be guilty of the offence shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
The views expressed in comments published on newindianexpress. They do not represent the views or opinions of newindianexpress. The procedures along with formats for obtaining clearances under the act have been prescribed under the Forest Conservation Rules 2003 and 2004 which also has constituted a forest advisory committee and regional empowered committee. The world forest covers all statutorily recognized forests whether designated as reserved, protected or otherwise for Section 2 i of the Act. The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers Recognition of Forest Rights Act, 2006 The Act seeks to recognize and vest the forest rights and occupation in forest land in forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest dwellers who have been residing in such forests for generations but whose rights could not be recorded. The regional empowered committee shall decide the proposal involving diversion of forest land upto 40 ha. The State Government or the Union Territory Adminstration concerned is required to envisage the initial stage itself,the different likely impacts of the proposed project,starting with the proposed site.
Most of these untitled lands had traditionally belonged to the forest dwelling communities. Since then, a lot of development has taken place by way of framing of Forest Conservation Rules and issue of Guidelines from time to time. The proposals are examined and after due diligence the proposals are either approved or rejected within the framework of Forest Conservation Act, 1980 and its supporting rules and guidelines. As per the ammended Forest Conservation Rules in force now,the Regional Chief Conservator of Forests have the powers to decide proposals involving forest land upto 5 hectares. The Act was notified for operation with effect from 31. These are national assets to be protected and enhanced for the well being of the people and Nation.
Important amendments are as follows: A No State Government or other authority may direct that any forest land may be assigned by way of lease or otherwise to any person, corporation or agency or organization not owned by the Government without prior approval of the Central Government. The Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers Recognition of Forest Rights Rules, 2008 for implementing the provisions of the Act were notified on 1. Section 2 of the act makes a provision of a prior approval of the Central Government necessary before a State Government or any other authority issues direction for dereservation of reserved forests which have been reserved under the Indian Forest Act 1927 , use of forest land for non — forest purpose, assigning forest land by way of lease or otherwise to any private person or to any authority, corporation, agency or any other organization not owned, managed or controlled by the government and clear felling of naturally grown trees. Forest Conservation Rules, 1981, amended 1992. As the Government of Indid does not favour the diversion of forest land for non-forest purposes ,clearances under the forest act are very difficult to obtain.
The Act made the prior approval of the federal government necessary for de-reservation of reserved forests, logging and for use of forestland for non- forest purposes. The Act defined state ownership, regulated its use, and appropriated the power to substitute or extinguish customary rights. Act was enacted with view to indiscriminate diversion of forest land to non-forest purposes. This powerful legislation has, to a large extent, curtailed the indiscriminate logging and release of forestland for non-forestry purposes by state governments. D Admissible punishment to the offender of the provision of section 2 of the Act. Section 2 of the Act provides that the State Government shall not make amendments except with the prior approval of the Central Government or any order directing thereon: i That any reserved forest or any portion thereof, shall cease to be reserved. In conclusion the forest should be looked upon as a source of revenue.
The act places restrictions on the power of the State Government concerning preservation of forests or use of forest land for non-forest purposes. Sections 3 A and 3 B were added through the amendments of 1988, which deal with penalty for conservation of the provisions of the Act and offences by authorities and Government Department, respectively. Although the Indian Forest Act is a federal act, many states have enacted similar forest acts but with some modifications. Forests are renewable natural sources. The salient features of the Act are as follows: 1.
Lands which are notified under section4 of the Indian Forest Act would also come within the purview of the Forest Conservation Act 1980. All the comments will be moderated by the newindianexpress. B No forest land or any portion thereof may be cleared of trees which have grown naturally in that land or portion, for the purpose of using it for reforestation without prior approval of Central Government. Felling trees, grazing cattle, removing forest products, quarrying, fishing, and hunting are punishable with a fine or imprisonment. Forest Conservation Act, 1980, amended 1988 In order to check rapid deforestation due to forestlands being released by state governments for agriculture, industry and other development projects allowed under the Indian Forest Act the central government enacted the Forest Conservation Act in 1980 with an amendment in 1988.
Try to avoid outside hyperlinks inside the comment. If division is permitted, compensatory forestation is insisted upon and other suitable conditions imposed where non-forest lands are not available, compensatory plantation be raised over degraded forests in extent to the area being diverted. The Indian Forest Act, 1927 The main objective of the Indian Forest Act 1927 was to secure exclusive state control over forests to meet the demand for timber. On violation of the provision of Section 2, the offender shall be punishable with imprisonment for a period extending to 15 days Section 3-A. Specific Information Forest Conservation The Forest Conservation Act,1980 as amended from time to time checks the indiscriminate diversion of forest land for non-forest purposes. As per Section 2 of the Act, all ongoing non-forest activities within any forest, in any State throughout the country, without prior approval of the Centre, must cease forthwith. Proposals involving more than 20 ha.