One of their many problems was the proverbial computer bug, except that this time it was a literal problem. Howard Aiken directed the work, which boiled down to creating the first programmable digital computer -- the Mark I. The award recognises her as a computer pioneer, who spent a half century helping keep America on the leading edge of high technology. Although she left her faculty position at Vassar to join the Navy, teaching remained an important part of her life. This wasn't just rare for a woman: statistics show only 1,279 math PhDs were awarded between 1862 and 1934, the year Hopper received hers.
She worked to attract industry and business interests to computers and to bridge the gulf between management and programmers. She stayed in the U. Grace created her first compiler with the Sperry Corporation in 1952. Outside of academia, she organized myriad workshops and conferences to promote the understanding of computers and programming. Do you know something we don't? Murray, was an economist who devised and proposed the concept of the individual retirement account. An optimist as well as a visionary, Hopper celebrated the potential of computers.
She would take apart alarm clocks just for fun. This reduced the amount of errors and stress for the programmers. When Grace was programming it, Mark I was being used to calculate the angles at which naval guns were to be aimed. In 1957 her division developed Flow-Matic, the first English-language data-processing compiler. Upon graduating, Grace was assigned to the Bureau of Ordinance Computation at Harvard University. Throughout her life, it was her service to her country of which she was most proud. She retired from the U.
They told me computers could only do arithmetic. Much like her clocks, disassembling it and figuring out its operating processes was a challenge that she really enjoyed. In teaching efficient programming methods, Rear Admiral Hopper wanted to make sure her students would not waste nanoseconds. The navy wanted her to oversee a program to standardize its computer programs and their languages. She died in 1992, and was buried with military honors at Arlington National Cemetery.
So Hopper and other academics -- and the Defense Department -- formed a committee to devise the language. But do it a third time and you've just proven a natural law! Material contained herein is made available for the purpose of peer review and discussion and does not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Navy or the Department of Defense. In 1959, Hopper was a visiting and then adjunct lecturer at the Moore School of Electrical Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania. When Grace was programming it, Mark I was being used to calculate the angles at which naval guns were to be aimed. She continued her work on compilers, publishing her first paper on that topic in 1952. Hopper worked under Commander Howard Aiken, and helped work with the Mark I, the first computer automatically sequenced to calculate the angles for the naval guns when the weather is bad. She was given the task of further standardizing the language computers communicate with one another and served as rear admiral.
She hails from Chicago and is currently in search of a decent italian beef sandwich in D. Grace Murray Hopper was one of the first computer programmers to work on the Harvard Mark I. Grace Murray Hopper has received. Later the A-1 and A-2 systems evolved under her direction, and became the forerunner to modern programming languages. She was the first winner of the Data Processing Management Association's Man of the Year Award, in 1969. She was assigned to Harvard University at the Bureau of Ordnance Computation Project, where she began programming and exploring the Mark I computer.
Their new product was Univac, a computer that recorded information on high-speed magnetic tape, an innovation over the standard punch-cards of the day. Each language, however, could only operate on a specific platform, and with the proliferation of disparate languages the use of a single, uniform format came into demand. She won numerous awards for her career as a famous woman inventor, including the National Medal of Technology, which was presented to her in 1991 by President George Bush. Navy for 19 more years, retiring at the age of 79. She retired in 1971 when she reached the age of 65. The appearance of external hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the United States Department of Defense, or the United States Department of the Navy of the linked web sites, or the information, products or services contained therein.
This was the first user-friendly computer software and Grace was responsible for advocating the validation process to bring international standardization of computer languages. After a career which involved many jobs in numerous quite different areas, one might have expected her to look forward to a quiet retirement. Perseverance and knowledge are two traits that made her a great leader. The rank was merged with that of rear admiral two years later, so she became Rear Admiral Hopper. Discusses some of the economic, political, and social obstacles, and sets the women and their inventions in historical context. Each language, however, could only operate on a specific platform, and with the proliferation of disparate languages the use of a single, uniform format came into demand. .