From 1947-1997, he served as a professor of political science at the University of Chicago. Study of the past, present and future of development- political science attempts to explain the meaning and the essential nature of the state and deals with the laws of its progress and development within itself and in relation to international organizations and other states. It is a dynamic process through which information about the outputs and the environment is communicated to the system which may result in subsequent change or modification of the system. Has approached political science in strictly behavioral terms. In this sense, politics can be domestic, national, federal, municipal or international.
Study of associations and institutions in organized way the fundamental problems of political science include, first, an investigation of the origin and the nature of the state, second an inquiry into the nature, history and forms of political institutions and third, deduction, therefore, so far as possible, of laws of political growth and development. Study of political behavior of man- it may be said that the character of political science in all its parts is determined by its basic per-supposition regarding man. Like other early behavioralists, Easton initially sought to gain control over the masses of data being generated by social science research in the early 1950s, which they thought was overwhelming social scientists with quantitative and qualitative data in the absence of an organizing theoretical framework. In a foretaste of his later interests, what he liked about Marxism was its analysis of society as a whole. In: Political Science: The State of the Discipline, Ada W. In: Political Science: The State of the Discipline, Ada W.
Political science is thus a study of the state in the past, present and future of political organization, political processes and political functions of political institutions and political theories. At the same time, we shall also discuss the nature of political science definition,theory, and scope. Third world countries can gain a lot from its study and actual use, avoiding many risks, crises, and difficulties. A demand has to go along with the long conversion process. His theory was and is highly influential in the in political science. New York: Harper Colophon Books. They are concerned with not just the state and the government, but also the study and evaluation of political activities, political power, processes and non-governmental institutions.
But his presidential address in 1969, claiming that his subject was in crisis, caused shockwaves. From Plato and Aristotle in the remote past to Laski and Laswell in the present we have a very large number of great thinkers, theorists and analysts who have made an attempt to understand and explain political reality in their own ways, with their own approaches. Approaches and methods to the study of politics are many and most of them seem to overlap each other in varying measures. They felt dissatisfied with the achievements of conventional political science. So political science is the branch of knowledge that deals with systematic study of the structure and behavior of the state and political institutions through scientific analysis. A Systems Analysis of Political Life, New York, S. Technique- researcher should be conscious about his methodology 4.
His theory is a statement of what makes political systems adapt and survive. Politics is seen as an act of conflict and cooperation among individuals and various groups in the society to secure values like liberty, equality, justice, welfare etc, and to organize and use a public power for this purpose Bernard Crick. In fact he had studied politics to be a political activist, not a scholar. Here, resources of the system as a whole are involved. In doing so, he introduced an innovative and holistic approach to the study of politics. Political science as a discipline deals with various aspects like: a.
Plato, Aristotle, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel and others belong to this frame of reference. It consists of a collection of approaches used in the classical and institutional periods. Study of state and government it deals with the nature and formation of the State and tries to understand various forms and functions of the government. Economic power and political power are mutually complementary. The first argued that the classics, like Aristotle, Machiavelli or Hobbes, had addressed great moral and political issues. He was one of the few who came from within this discipline rather than from other social sciences, such as sociology.
Inter alia this involved a compulsory course for new graduate students, which dealt with 19th and 20th century foundations of modern political science. Political power s concerned with the maintenance of law and order and dispensing justice through reward and punishment. Roughly speaking, out of about one lakh needs, desires, expectations, plans and projects of the people, including social groups and political parties, about one thousand become their demands. Borrowing from biology and cybernetics he wanted to show the interrelatedness of different parts. Nature of Political Science: Political Science is a study about the State. During the Italian Renaissance, Niccolo Machiavelli established the emphasis of modern political science on direct empirical observation of political institutions and actors.
The Behavioral Persuasion in Politics. All input do not transform in to issues only selected and combined demands, which has strong support with, are transformed into issues. In all conditions, feedback is a regulatory demand of political systems. Some years later, after Easton became President of the American Political Science Association, he led the charge of a new post-behavioralist revolution, arguing that political science research should be both relevant and action-oriented, so it might better serve the needs of society by solving social and political problems revealed during the 1960s. Integration- interdisciplinary approach Contributions: a.
Men should be ruled by law. They are the forces which shape and change the inputs some of them come from within the system itself. Special emphasis is placed on his recent contribution to the analysis of political structure. They also include the international resources, influences and conditions For instance, both Soviet Union and U. It meets the challenge of demands with the help of supports, but it can manipulate and regulate both. In the beginning of the 20th century there developed a new way of looking at political science.
The heart circulates blood to the organs of the whole body. This new revolution was not a change in the methods of inquiry but a change in orientation that grew out of a deep discontent with the direction of contemporary political research and which advocated more attention to the public responsibilities of the discipline and to relevant research on contemporary political problems and issues. From the view of system-maintenance or gaining specific support, its operation can be divided into four stages: 1 There are situations of feedback, which can come out of authorised direction, associate outputs, or outcomes. Easton rightly puts more emphasis on the capacity of the system to cope with the environment. It is difficult if not impossible, to apply it to the study of the world, and the data gathered in the context of the theory will mean little if anything.