In fact, Ben's appearance may create anxiety for the audience because it suggests an alternate, more disturbing, end to the play. The stage itself serves as a visual metaphor, which is representative of the insubstantial nature of Willy's dreams of success for himself and his sons, and indeed of the great and grand concept of the American Dream itself. It's not really clear that this is this, and that is that, that this is fantasy and this is reality. In other words, there are actors who interact with one another, there is a basic plot line, and the play contains standard dramatic elements such as exposition, rising action, conflict, climax, and so forth. Linda is the only clear-eyed member of the Loman family.
The reader is able to get the tone and the mood just by following the stage directions. The optional nature of the special effects in Death of a Salesman mean that each stage direction may lead to several different effects in productions. Camilla Tanzi Year 12 An analysis of the character of Biff. He looks for his lighter. This freaks a lot of people out, because they don't know even where to start. This contributes to the impression that his mental state and foothold in the reality of the present are tenuous at best; that his ability to remain focused on that which is happening in the present is as uncertain as the indefinite boundaries of his home. And that's I think really, what I'd focus on, because there is so much information there.
The kitchen at center seems actual enough, for there is a kitchen table with three chairs, and a refrigerator. Is it telling us about somebody's personality, maybe through their actions or their words? Also, Arthur Miller does these things where he has great big sections of stage directions. Willy replies that Linda is his best friend and that he misses her badly when he's on the road. She tells her sons that Willy has worked all his life only for their benefit. Using a lot of colloquialisms and ellipses and dashes, make the speech seem more stunted and everyday like. Many of Miller's stage directions are concise, clearly interpreted, and easily translated into physical effects.
However, Miller's manipulation of time and space creates a very non-traditional atmosphere that is unsettling but effective because it mirrors Willy's mental state, thereby allowing the audience to witness his mental instability and take part in it. Write something like that down. This enclosing and intimidating hostility is in part what makes the home appear so fragile, a fragility that may represent weakness in family bonds or equally, weakness in he who represents the house, condemning him immediately to the role of a tragic protagonist. A younger Charley enters and warns Willy not to let his sons steal any more from the construction site nearby. In the end he has pride, he has love and that's why he wants to continue doing things that he knows would make his father proud. Let's do our steps first.
Arthur Miller's stage directions are intriguingly conducive to the latter. Willy tells Bernard to just give Biff the answers. The directors and the actors are usually given some freedom when they stage the play in order to make changes where necessary. The American dream rules America, believing that with hard work and a belief in yourself you can achieve your goals in life, money and many friends. The set design and lighting directions call for a stark contrast between the house and the surrounding buildings. Lighting Lighting in Death of a Salesman often illustrates atmosphere and mood. The less detailed directions would also help the directors concentrate on creating the scenes of the play and organize a smooth transition from one scene to another without the need to explain more information about the play.
The Woman's ghostly laughter suggests how his betrayal of Linda haunts him. The house in which the action takes place has no roof, and the corners of the rooms do not meet; the walls approach each other but do not touch. A similar effect is achieved through tone of voice in Lee J. Mourning for him was limited to the sphere of salesmen and train passengers who happened to be there at his death—the ephemeral world of transience, travel, and money, as opposed to the meaningful realm of loved ones. Willy doesn't want to confront the more troubled side of Biff's nature. As Willy's mental state declines, the audience is forced to watch and to react. So does it relate to theme? They have one last payment on both the refrigerator and the house, and they have just finished paying for the car.
The desk is used for both the office scenes. It is extremely unsettling and disturbing to be forced to experience the individual's memories, illusions, or perhaps delusions resulting in mental instability. We see where he's going to go next and what he wants to do. For example, Dustin Hoffman's movie version of the play excludes the opening scene's orange and blue lighted landscape. Not to mention the fact that we have this glow of the gas heater. There are so many details that points, it's almost a book like quality that he gives it. Sound is also used to enhance the audience's understanding of the characters.
Willy is left with the idea that to succeed is to walk into a jungle and come out rich. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. So congratulations, you've done a great job, we're finished. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom English Literature essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? At first it seems these memories of better times provide him with solace. The author specifies audio and visual details that present two elements of the American Dream: open horizons and home ownership. The play encompasses an evening and the following day, but the action is interrupted by or mixed with flashback or memories of a period approximately seventeen years earlier. Willy doesn't give advice about how to plan and run a sporting goods store.
The next one, does it help establish what a character is like? The gas heater begins to glow through the kitchen wall, near the stairs, a blue flame beneath red coils. Lighting is also used to indicate the location on the stage in which relevant action is occurring. With quotation analysis, step one is determine the context. His two sons, Biff and Happy, who are in their 30's, have become failures like himself. He has passed this trust in the American dream onto his two sons, which has a dramatic consequences for them both. I'm staying right in this city, and I'm going to beat this racket!.