The military rulers were thought to curb them in the beginning but instead of nipping them in the bud they also compromised with them to prolong their own rule. Though there is no universally accepted definition of democracy, however, equality and freedom have been described as its important characteristics since ancient times. In Pakistan, however, the already difficult situation has been aggravated by constant failures which never let democracy survive. The anti-corruption department is the most corrupt of all. The long term endurance of the political institutions and the prospects of democracy faces four major challenges in Pakistan: the non-expansion of participatory opportunities for those viewed as adversaries by the military dominated regime, the poor performance of the elected assemblies, failure to build consensus on the operational norms of the political system, and a drift towards confrontation, religious and cultural intolerance and extremism. In a broader sense democracy encompasses the leading features; fair and free election process, supremacy of the constitution, the rule of law, and freedom for the people. Remember that aforementioned views and techniques are not absolute.
After each of the four military regimes, it is a new beginning of democratic politics that has never reached to its fullest before another martial law. Thus democracy causes inequality and injustice. The party also succeeded in pushing many right-leaning parties to adopt tougher stances on immigration and is likely to influence policies in the new government. Such leaders just exploit people and they secure their vote bank on the name of democracy. Authoritarian style of politicians: All the previous heads of governments both civilian and military and also the politicians exercised absolutism in style and mentality.
Then these kind rulers ever try to solve the problems of their voters. England had its first Parliament in 1265 with its roots in Magna Carta which restricted the powers of the monarch. The political history of Pakistan has never been the election processed according to what the constitution says. Accordingly the Census of 1998, literacy rate of Pakistan was 43. It must also ensure equality of opportunity to all for advancement in social, economic and political domains and guarantee security of life and property of its citizens. Thus Sometimes dictators lost patience and crushed democracy. Pakistan needs a true democracy.
Democracy presupposes an understanding of issues. We must opt for self-reliance and national dignity. The people reluctantly visit public institutions because they know that without any favor or bribe it is very difficult to get any work done from the public officers. By the time the constitution was introduced a strong tradition of violation started, the political parties were divided and the assembly was unable to assert its primacy. Global and regional trade blocks should be inclusive and egalitarian C. In comparison, only 60 per cent of Egyptians wanted their laws to follow Quran.
Threat to democracy and emergence of totalitarianism E. Role of people in democracy has proved to be the key factor in making it the most desired and admired form of government. It is also considered that even the worst democracy is better than the best dictatorship as democracy is all about responsibility; individual as well as collective responsibility. True democracy and states sovereignty always coincide. Finland, Estonia, Denmark and Norway have seen policy changes under populist influence. Democracy and participatory governance are popular political patterns in the modern world. Terrorism and law order situation are one of the major legacies the presented govt.
Poor population is easily cheated by shrewd politician. Both democracy and democratic institutions need some breathing space and support from all the stakeholders, military, bureaucracy, politician and civil society. It should be noted that Donald Trump fits all three definitions. Pakistan has been a victim of international influence since its independence. In line with the lessons of history and despite all its past experiences of failure, there is no other messianic way out to lead Pakistan toward a progressive state except to establish the roots of democracy firmly. The necessary ingredient for the success of democracy in Pakistan is the emancipation of the rural areas from the clutches of the local landlords, i. They do not however emphasize ethnic identity or take a strong stance against immigration.
It ruled directly through multiple coup de etat and indirectly through dummy politicians and technocrats, forging their policies and implementing their desires. The founding father of this country, Mr. In this regard, former head of Mehran Bank, Younis Habib had disclosed before the Supreme Court on March 8, 2012 that former president Ghulam Ishaq Khan and former Army Chief Gen. Moreover, the politicians do not have the vision and qualities of a dynamic leader to lead the country towards prosperity and development. Zia did not abrogate the constitution of 1973 but suspended.
This does not mean that the people have given up on the primacy of the popular will, participatory governance, accountability of the rulers and governance for serving the people. They are almost all illiterate and most backward. In comparison, one in five Egyptians holds a favourable view of al Qaeda and the Taliban. The parties that emerged in the post-independence period could not present a better alternative. Second,they resort to mass clintelism for bestowing material and non-material favors upon people for mass political support. Young and morally upright persons should come forward and actively take part in democratic setup and elected member must be nurtured with the notion that they have to serve the nation and they have to bail out this nation. Islamic form of governance means governance of society based on rules of equity and justice in which the rich and the poor, the powerful and the weak are all treated and dealt with equally.
Much time is wasted in retaliation against the previous government instead of fulfilling the promises, made with the voters during election campaign. Furthermore, politicians with feudal backgrounds are seldom educated and possess no such qualities as to lead the country by example. That is in fact what has been happening in many industrialized countries with the rise of China, Mexico, and the like. The traditional complaint against many liberal democracies, with their numerous checks and balances, is that they tend to produce weak government. Governments and the Assemblies have been part of the problem rather than solution.
As the country prepares to hold another general election in late 2012 or early 2013, the present rate of growth has slowed to a point where it is slightly greater than the rate of increase in the population. The European Union countries experience looming economic and political crises due to political fragmentation and religious disharmony. The most critical questions do arise: Is it not detrimental to the concept of nation state system? Though the present democratic govt. These statistics may lead some to believe that Pakistanis may be following the fundamentalist Taliban or al Qaeda. People vote their caste rather than casting their vote. May also present are victorious, james madison athenian democracy snipped — democracy in other related essays.